THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR

H

SKIP TO CIVIL WAR TIMELINE

 

Casualties

Confederacy

 

KIA

94.000

Disease etc

164.000

Tot`l

258.000

 

Union

 

KIA

110.070

Disease etc

250.152

Total

360.222

 

TIMELINE

 

1861

Blue text is about the Union.

Red text is about the Confederacy.

 

9 Feb

The Confederate States of America (CSA) is formed by Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina and Texas.

18 Feb

Jefferson Davis is made provisional president of the Confederacy.

4 Mar

Abraham Lincoln is sworn in as president of the USA.

12 Apr

Confederate forces open fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina, the first shots of the Civil War.

14 Apr

Fort Sumter surrenders.

15 Apr

Robert E Lee is offered command of the Union Army.

 

Lincoln calls for 75.000 militiamen.

17 Apr

Virginia secedes from the Union.

18 Apr

Union forces abandon Harpers Ferry Arsenal, Virginia.

19 Apr

Lincoln orders the blockade of Confederate ports.

20 Apr

Robert E Lee resigns from the Union Army and accepts command of the forces of Virginia.

 

Union forces abandon Navy yard at Norfolk, Virginia.

6 May

Arkansa secedes from the Union.

 

Confederate Congress declare war on the Union.

20 May

North Carolina secedes from the Union.

21 May

Richmond, Virginia, named capital of the Confederacy.

8 June

Tennessee secedes from the Union.

10 June

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Big Bethel, Virginia.

11 June

West Virginia secedes from Virginia and joins the Union.

4 July

The US congress calls for 500.000 men.

21 July

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Bull Run, Virginia.

10 Aug

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Wilson's Creek, Missouri.

20 Aug

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Lexington, Missouri.

29 Aug

Fort Hatteras, North Carolina, captured by Union forces.

21 Oct

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Ball's Bluff, Virginia.

31 Oct

Missouri secedes from the Union, but is forced to remain in the Union.

1 Nov

George B. McClellan replaces Winfield Scott as commander of the Union armed forces.

7 Nov

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Belmont, Missouri.

 

Union forces capture Port Royal, South Carolina.

8 Nov

Two Confederate officials sailing toward the United Kingdom are seized by the US Navy. The UK demands their release and they are soon set free.

1862

Blue text is about the Union.

Red text is about the Confederacy.

 

19 Jan

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Mill Springs, Kentucky.

6 Feb

Union forces capture Fort Henry, Tennessee.

8 Feb

Union forces capture Roanoke Island, North Carolina.

25 Feb

Confederate forces abandon Nashville, Tennessee.

8 Mar

The ironclad CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimac) sinks USS Congress and USS Cumberland.

 

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Pea Ridge, Arkansas.

9 Mar

A battle between CSS Virginia and USS Monitor ends in a draw.

14 Mar

Confederate forces abandon New Madrid, Missouri.

 

Union forces capture New Berne, North Carolina.

23 Mar

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Kernstown, Virginia.

28 Mar

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Glorieta Pass, New Mexico.

4 Apr

Union forces lay siege to Yorktown, Virginia.

7 Apr

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Shiloh, Tennessee.

11 Apr

Union forces capture Fort Pulaski, Georgia.

24 Apr

Union ships move up the Mississippi River and capture New Orleans.

28 Apr

Fort Jackson and Fort St. Philip, Louisiana, surrenders.

4 May

Union forces capture Yorktown, Virginia.

5 May

Union forces capture Williamsburg, Virginia.

8 May

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at McDowell, Virginia.

23 May

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Front Royal, Virginia.

25 May

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Winchester, Virginia.

31 May

The Battle of Seven Pines ends in a draw.

1 June

Robert E Lee takes command of the Army of Northern Virginia, replacing the wounded Joseph E. Johnston.

6 June

Union forces capture Memphis, Tennessee.

8 June

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Cross Keys, Virginia.

9 June

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Port Republic, Virginia.

16 June

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Secessionville. South Carolina.

26 June

The Seven Days' Battles begin.

1 July

The Seven Days' Battles ends with a draw.

11 July

Henry W. Halleck made commander of the Union forces.

9 Aug

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Cedar Mountain, Virginia.

30 Aug

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Bull Run, Virginia.

 

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Richmond, Kentucky.

4 Sep

Lee crosses the Potomac River and invades the Union.

14 Sep

Union forces defeats the Confederate forces at South Mountain, Maryland.

15 Sep

Confederate forces capture Harper's Ferry, Virginia.

17 Sep

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Antietam, Maryland.

19 Sep

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Iuka, Mississippi.

22 Sep

Lincoln issues the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation.

4 Oct

Battle at Corinth, Mississippi ends with a draw.

8 Oct

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Perryville, Kentucky.

7 Nov

Ambrose E. Burnside named Commander of the Army of the Potomac.

16 Nov

Union forces capture Corpus Christi, Texas.

13 Dec

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Fredericksburg, Virginia.

1863

Blue text is about the Union.

Red text is about the Confederacy.

 

1 Jan

Lincoln issues the final Emancipation Proclamation freeing all slaves in the Confederacy.

 

Confederate forces defeats the Union forces at Galveston, Texas.

25 Jan

Joseph Hooker named Commander of the Army of the Potomac.

29 Jan

Ulysses S Grant named Commander of the Army of the West.

3 Mar

Conscription Act passed by the US Congress.

17 Mar

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Kelly's Ford, Virginia.

1 May

Union forces defeats the Confederate forces at Port Gibson, Mississippi.

4 May

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Chancellorsville, Virginia.

12 May

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Raymond, Mississippi.

14 May

Union forces capture Jackson, Mississippi.

16 May

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Champion's Hill, Mississippi.

17 May

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Big Black River Bridge, Mississippi.

18 May

Union forces lay siege to Vicksburg, Mississippi.

3 June

Lee begins his second invasion of the Union.

15 June

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Winchester, Virginia.

28 June

George G Meade named Commander of the Army of the Potomac.

 

Confederate forces capture York, Pennsylvania

3 July

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

4 July

Union forces capture Vicksburg, Mississippi.

9 July

Union forces capture Port Hudson, Louisanna.

13 July

Three day anti-draft riots begin in New York City. 120 people are killed before soldiers restore order.

18 July

The black soldiers of the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment under Col. Robert G. Shaw assault Fort Wagner, South Carolina.

30 Aug

Union forces capture Fort Smith, Arkansas.

2 Sep

Union forces capture Knoxville, Tennessee.

8 Sep

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Fort Griffin, Texas.

20 Sep

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Chickamauga, Georgia.

19 Nov

Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address.

25 Nov

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Chattanooga, Tennessee.

1864

Blue text is about the Union.

Red text is about the Confederacy.

 

20 Feb

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Olustee, Florida.

9 Mar

Grant made Commander of all Union Forces.

26 Mar

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Paducah, Kentucky.

8 Apr

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Mansfield, Louisiana.

12 Apr

Confederate forces capture Fort Pillow, Tennessee.

7 May

The Battle of the Wilderness, Virginia, ends in a draw.

21 May

The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House ends in a draw.

3 June

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Cold Harbor, Virginia.

10 June

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Brices Cross Roads, Mississippi.

18 June

Union forces lay siege to Petersburg, Virginia.

23 June

Confederate forces begin raids towards Washington DC.

27 June

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia.

13 July

Confederate forces advancing on Washington DC are forced to withdraw.

14 July

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Tupelo, Mississippi

20 July

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Peachtree Creek, Georgia.

24 July

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Kernstown, Virginia.

28 July

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Ezra Church, Georgia.

30 July

Confederate forces defeat the Union forces at Petersburg, Virginia.

5 Aug

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces in Mobile Bay, Alabama.

23 Aug

Union forces capture Fort Morgan, Alabama.

1 Sep

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Jonesborough, Georgia.

2 Sep

Union forces capture Atlanta, Georgia.

19 Sep

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Winchester, Virginia.

5 Oct

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Allatoona, Georgia.

19 Oct

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Shenandoah Valley, Virginia.

23 Oct

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Westport, Missouri.

8 Nov

Lincoln defeats George B. McClellan and is re-elected president.

22 Nov

Union forces capture Milledgeville, Georgia.

30 Nov

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Franklin, Tennessee.

13 Dec

Union forces capture Fort McAllister, Georgia.

16 Dec

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Nashville, Tennessee.

21 Dec

Union forces capture Savannah, Georgia.

1865

Blue text is about the Union.

Red text is about the Confederacy.

 

15 Jan

Union forces capture Fort Fisher, North Carolina.

31 Jan

US Congress approves the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution abolishing slavery.

3 Feb

A peace conference help in Hampton Roads, Virginia, between Lincoln and Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens ends in failure.

5 Feb

The battle at Hatcher's Run, Virginia, ends with a draw.

16 Feb

Union forces capture Columbia, South Carolina.

18 Feb

Union forces capture Fort Sumter, South Carolina

 

Union forces capture Charleston, South Carolina

22 Feb

Union forces capture Wilmington, North Carolina.

11 Mar

Union forces capture Fayetteville, North Carolina.

13 Mar

Confederate Congress authorizes use of slaves for soldiers.

25 Mar

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Fort Stedman, Virginia.

1 Apr

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Five Forks, Virginia.

2 Apr

Union forces capture Selma, Alabama.

 

Union forces capture Petersburg, Virginia.

6 Apr

Union forces defeat the Confederate forces at Sailor's Creek, Virginia.

9 Apr

Lee surrenders his troops at Appomattox, Virginia.

14 Apr

Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth when watching a performance of "Our American Cousin" at the Ford's Theater in Washington DC.

15 Apr

Lincoln dies and Andrew Johnson becomes president.

26 Apr

Last session of the Confederate congress.

 

Joe Johnston surrenders with his troops.

4 May

Richard Taylor surrenders with his troops.

10 May

Jefferson Davis captured at Irwinville, Georgia.

13 May

The last battle of the war at Palmito Ranch, Texas.

26 May

Kirby Smith surrenders with his troops in New Orleans.

22 June

Stand Watie surrenders with his troops at Doaksville as the last Confederate general.