TIMELINE OF THINKERS

H

   
532 BC Pythagoras flourished, Native of Samos
470c-399 BC

Socrates, Athenian. Executed with poison for unAthenian activities. His two students were the general Xenophon and Plato. He was courageous in battle. The forerunner of both the Stoic and Cynic schools of Greek Philosophy.

Cynics - lack of concern for worldy goods.

Stoics Interest in virtue as greatest good.

Socrates thought that sin comes from ignorance, so Good comes from knowledge. (For Christians it is a pure heart)

300 BC Euclid Taught
2nd Cent AD Marcus Aurelius emperor
1483-1546

Martin Luther (1517 95 theses), German

1491-1556 Ignatius of Loyola: founded the Jesuit order, The Society of Jesus gains official recognition 1540. Organized the Spanish Inquisition
1509-1564 John Calvin, French, established in Geneva, predestination
1564-1642 Galileo
1596-1650 Descartes, Rene
1623-1662 Pascal, Blaise
1632-1677 Spinoza, Baruch
1632-1704 Locke, John

1642-1727

Newton, Issac
1646-1716 Leibniz (von), Gottfried Wilhelm
1685-1753 Berkeley, George
1711-1776 Hume, David
1712-1778 Rousseau, Jean Jacques
1723-1790 Adam Smith, Wealth of Nations 1776

1724-1804

Kant, Immanuel

1762-1814

Fichte, Johann Gottlieb
1770-1831 Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich

1788-1860

Schopenhauer, Arthur
1798-1857 Comte, Isidore Auguste Marie Francois
1809-1882 Darwin, Charles

1818-1883

Marx, Karl

1836-1916

Mach, Ernst

1844-1900

Nietzsche, Friedrich

1856-1939

Freud Sigmund
   
   

 

SOURCES

 

The European Philosophers From Descartes to Nietzsche, Ed. Monroe C. Beardsley. The Modern Library Edition 1992, New York. 1992. Copyright 1960 Random House.