1. The Gnostic Gospels  Elaine Pagels  Weidenfeld & Nicolson. London, 1979.
2. The Oxford Dictionary of World Religion.
3. The History of Christianity. Roland H. Bainton ed. Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd.
4. The Gospel of Matthew. The King James Version of The Bible, 1611?.
5. The Gospel of Luke. The King James Version of The Bible, 1611?.


The Bible

Christianity offered a new moral and social code during the fall of the Roman Empire. Also offered eternal salvation, an organized polity (ecclesiastical organization).


Joseph and Mary (pregant) went from Nazareth to Bethleham (City of David) to register in the census. Jesus born. Fled to Egypt to escape Herod’s massacre of babies under 2 years of age. There were one million Jews living in Egypt 3

At the age of twelve Jesus met with the elders of the Jerusalem Temple

Jesus birth sometime before the death of Herod the Great, around 4 BC 4

Jesus born at the time of census of Quirinius, 6 AD, also 30 years old in 15th year of Tiberius (August 28 AD – August 29 AD) 5


Early 4TH Century: Diocletian again attempted extermination of Christians – under him were Galerius and Maximian. Dio under Jupiter, Max under Hercules.

Edict 303: Church buildings destroyed, all scriptures burned publicly, christians lose civil status and legal rights. There were three more edicts, the last one called for death. This was stopped in 324.

Diocletian retired in 305. He decentralizes the government into East and West. Each half to be administered by an offical called Augustus along with his subordinate called a Caesar. The imperial headquarters is in Treves (Trier) near the Rhine and Nicomedia at border btw Europe and Asia. Lesser headquarters at Milan and Sirmium on the Danube. There were 96 provinces. All this done to avoid a civil war. Diocletian in the east and Maximian in the west were the first two Augustus who were to retire voluntarily and be succeeded by their Caesars: Galerius in the east and Constantius Chlorus in the west.

Upon Chlorus’ death, his son Constatine imposes a dynastic principle and takes control of forces in Britian and Gaul. In 312 he takes control of Rome. At some point he converts to Christianity. This is not seen as particuarily politically motivated. In 324 he is the sole ruler of the Roman Empire. It becomes the Holy Roman Empire with the capital in Constantinople.