THE BIBLE

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SOURCES

1. Ancient World to 300 AD, Alexander editor, University of Michigan.
2. The Oxford Dictionary of World Religions.
3. The Bible (different versions).
 

HEBREW BIBLE (OLD TESTAMENT)

History

BCE

See below for old testament lineages from Adam to Moses.

13th Cent.   Moses

1000-961    The reign of King David. First in Judah for 7 years in Hebron, then conquers (unites) Canaan and rules Israel and Judah from Jerusalem for 33 years.

961-922      The reign of King Solomon. Written of in the Books of Samuel.

                   Then Hebrew kingdom splits. Prophet Amos.

701             Sennacherib attacks Judah. Book of Judah.

500             Ten Commandments compiled (Exodus 19-20).

5th Cent.     One of the two biblical stories of the process of creation is similar to an Akkadian epic. The 2nd century account found in Genesis Chapter 7 is similar to Gilgamesh. Utnapishtim’s Tale of the Flood.

168-165     Book of Daniel written while Jews attacked by Seleucid King Antiochus IV Epiphanes (175-164). Four Beasts: Kingdoms of Babylon, Media, Persia and Seleucid. 4th had 10 horns. Daniel’s vision of heathen 4th beast being overcome by Hasidim, the Pious. One possible source of a messianic concept.

Structure

This structure of the Ta Na Kh, Tanach or Tanak, is at least as old as 2nd century BCE.

TORAH (LAW)

The First Five Books Given to Moses by God. Also called the Pentateuch. Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.

NEVI’IM (PROPHETS)

Joshua, Judges, Samuel 1 & 2, Kings 1 & 2, Isaiah, Jeremiah, and the twelve prophets.

KETUVIM (WRITINGS)

Pslams, Proverbs, Job, 5 Scrolls: Song of Songs, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesites, Esther; Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah, Chronicles 1 & 2. 38 Books Total?

There are 613 Biblical commandments.

 

GENESIS

Creation (1-11),  Flood (6-8), Decent from Noah (10)
Abraham (12-25) Covenant (22), 15,18 also noted
Issac (19-26)
Jacob (27-35)
Joseph (37-50)

Covers 2307 years.

Adam to Noah (inclusive) - 10 generations

Adam (930 years of life) and Eve bear

Cain, Abel (killed by Cain), Seth (born when Adam was 130 years old, Seth lived to be 912 years old) and many, many more children after Seth.

The line of Cain:

Enoch (also the name of city Cain founded)
Irad
Mehujael
Methusael
Lamech (first wife Adah, second wife Zillah)
sons Jabal (dwelt in tents and keep cattle) and Jubal (who played lyre and pipe) and Tubalcain (with second wife. He forged instruments of bronze and iron)
Tubalcain's son Naamah

The Line of Seth (lived for 912 years):

Enosh (905) born when Seth was 105 years old
Kenan (910) born when Enosh was 90.
Mahalalel (895) when his father was 70.
Jarod (962) when dad was 65.
Enoch (365) at 162
Methuselah at 65
Lamech
Noah

Noah to Abraham - 10 generations

Noah bears
Shem, Ham, and Japheth
6 generations?
Terah is the father of
Abraham, Nahor (who marries Milcah) and Haran.

Abraham to Moses

Abraham bears
Ishmael with Sarah and Issac with his Mistress. Lot is the grandson of Terah and I think son of Haran.
Jacob (son of Issac) and Rachel bear
Joseph
Manasseh Ephraim
Eventually get to Moses

Moses spoke to God face to face. God’s servant in Numbers. Prophet in Deuteronomy. His successor was Joshua.

In the Gospel of Matthew: Abraham to David 13 generations. Then Solomon to Joseph 25 generations. Then Jesus. (Abraham to Jesus 30 generations??)

 

EXODUS

Exodus is greek for departure.

Terah, Abraham, Sarah and Lot went to Canaan. Built town of Bethel and Hai. Famine, they go to Egypt. Abraham offered Sarah (beautiful) to the Pharoh so they would be welcomed. When the Pharoh discovered she was his wife, they were thrown out.

 

NEW TESTAMENT

The Gospel of Matthew

Chapter 4

Jesus comes out of the wilderness and is baptised by John in Jordan. He returns to Galilee, not to Nazareth, but rather Capernaum on the Sea of Galilee. He meets Simon (Peter), Andrew (Simon’s brother) and James and his brother John who are sons of Zebedee.

Chapter 8

“…the foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests, but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head.”

A general order:

Miracles
Sermon on the mount
Into Capernaum – miracles
Entered ship – storm – calmed
Other side: Gergesenes
2 men possesed with devils, Jesus expells them into nearby swine.

Also in Matthew: Abraham to David 13 generations. Then Solomon to Joseph 25 generations. Then Jesus. (Abraham to Jesus 30 generations)

 

The Gospel of Mark

12 Apostles

Simon Peter
Andrew
James
John
Philip
Bartholomew
Matthew
Thomas
James son of Alphaeus
Thaddaeus
Simon the Canannite
Judas Iscariot